Cotton dyeing techniques
Basic Wax and Tub Dye Method
This method utilizes repeated levels of wax and dye placed on the material, producing an overlapping shade design. In the event that you want to do numerous levels you will need to dye your colors from lightest to darkest.
Step 1: Pre-wash your fabric to remove any impurities that might interfere with dyeing. We recommend using Synthrapol for this.
Step 2: Pre-dye a number of your fabrics in a few different base colors, we did some in # 3 Golden Yellow and #25 Turquoise.
Step Three: Begin melting your premixed Batik Wax when you look at the little melting pot, or for larger projects, in a double boiler, electric wax cooking pot, or old electric frying-pan set at about 220-230°F **
Step 4: Stretch the textile on a-frame or Hoop, that maintain the material level and horizontal you can also run some newsprint report or some cardboard if you don't have a frame. This could be easier with larger bits of material.
Step 5: Start applying your wax with resources of your choice...
You need to use Tjanting resources to create detail and good range designs. We utilized the solitary spout Tjanting to generate this fun leaf pattern.
a two fold spouted Tjanting can provide you enjoyable results or parallel outlines. We tried it which will make a wavy random design across this material.
Brushes have become user friendly for bigger designs and a terrific way to get children in regarding the enjoyable. Make strong styles like sectors, stripes and cool polkadots.
Pro-Tip: You can make fun stamps out of almost anything that take the temperature of this wax: the slice stops of some veggies like celery bundles and bell peppers makes fun prints. Look around and experiment.
Keep in mind: whenever applying wax, it doesn't matter what method you may be using, manage the heat so that it penetrates the textile; not so cool so it only transforms yellow and sits ahead, rather than therefore hot that your outlines spread-out in excess. The wax need to have a clear look, suggesting it offers penetrated to the other side. Flip material more than and apply wax anywhere it's not. Slim layers of scorching wax will often enable some dye to stain the textile under the wax, whereas a thicker accumulation keeps the wax off.
Action 6: Tub Dye the fabric, first using the lightest or brightest color that'll be from the piece and certainly will blend well with consecutive colors, for example yellow; then your after that dye shower might be turquoise, which may in fact mix using yellowish to dye the fabric green in most the un-waxed places. Bear in mind, after Soda Ash was put into the dyebath, never keep your waxed fabric in for significantly more than 30 minutes much more, as soda ash eats away the wax eventually, revealing areas to undesirable dye.
Step 7: wash and carefully hand wash the fabric in Synthrapol and permit to dry. Make use of warm liquid so as not to ever melt your wax!
Action 8: Perform tips 2-6 above per color you intend for the batik, waxing areas after every dyebath that you would like to stay that most recent color, and re-waxing any areas that look eroded from the Soda Ash. Tub dye your darkest areas last.
Action 9: take away the Wax making use of these practices:
Boil the wax out. Choose a pot to be your official wax pot that comfortably hold your fabric and fill with water and a dash of Synthrapol, or any other fluid detergent, to get the wax and any excess dye away from the fabric. Bring this to a simmer and include textile. Stir the material around within the boiling water keeping it submerged. After a few minutes the wax will melt from the fabric and float on top. If the wax appears totally taken off the textile, eliminate from temperature and permit water to cool. Make sure the textile sits from the bottom for the pan, steering clear of the floating wax residue. It is possible to weigh it straight down with rocks or something hefty. Allow to sweet, then peel the hardened wax off the area and take away the fabric.
Pro-Tip:You can reuse this wax for your next project as long as water has actually dried up from it.
Iron the wax away. Sandwich your textile between levels of absorbent paper and metal, to melt the wax away. This technique frequently leaves a wax residue that looks like a grease spot and won’t turn out, therefore it is maybe not our favorite.
Step 10: Wash your material one final time inside automatic washer with Synthrapol to get rid of any left over dye you cann’t move out yourself. Dry your material.